Deuteronomy

Part of My Chronological Bible Study more Here if you wish to follow along



Deuteronomy the second book of the Law
A new generation of was about to enter the Promised Land. This multitude had not experienced the miracle at the Red Sea or heard the law given at Sinai, and they were about to enter a new land with many dangers and temptations. Moses began this first “sermon” by reviewing God’s faithfulness to Israel. God had been faithful in bringing the nation from Sinai to her present location, and by giving her victory over her enemies. He also reminded the people of the future blessings that they could anticipate.  
(Deut 1:6-3:29)


Summary of the Book of Deuteronomy~~
 The Israelites are commanded to remember four things: God’s faithfulness, God’s holiness, God’s blessings, and God’s warnings. They are called to obedience, to be faithful to the God who was faithful to them.

“Listen, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord alone. And you must love the Lord your God with all your heart, all your soul, and all your strength. And you must commit yourselves wholeheartedly to these commands that I am giving you today. Repeat them again and again to your children.

Chapters 5 through 26 The Ten Commandments, the laws concerning sacrifices and specials days, and the rest of the law are given to the new generation.
Blessings are promised to those who obey, and famine is promised to those who break the law.

 “Do not add to what I command you and do not subtract from it, but keep the commands of the LORD your God that I give you.”

 “If you fully obey the Lord your God and carefully keep all his commands that I am giving you today, the Lord your God will set you high above all the nations of the world. You will experience all these blessings if you obey the Lord your God:
 Your towns and your fields
      will be blessed.
 Your children and your crops
      will be blessed.
   The offspring of your herds and flocks
      will be blessed.
 Your fruit baskets and breadboards
      will be blessed.
 Wherever you go and whatever you do,
      you will be blessed.

“But if you refuse to listen to the Lord your God and do not obey all the commands and decrees I am giving you today, all these curses will come and overwhelm you:
 Your towns and your fields
      will be cursed.
 Your fruit baskets and breadboards
      will be cursed.
 Your children and your crops
      will be cursed.
The offspring of your herds and flocks
      will be cursed.
 Wherever you go and whatever you do,
      you will be cursed.

“Today I have given you the choice between life and death, between blessings and curses. Now I call on heaven and earth to witness the choice you make. Oh, that you would choose life, so that you and your descendants might live! You can make this choice by loving the Lord your God, obeying him, and committing yourself firmly to him.

In the final chapters, Moses encourages the people; commissions Joshua as his replacement, He delivers a song and gives a final blessing to the tribes of Israel.
“Then Moses called for Joshua, and as all Israel watched, he said to him, “Be strong and courageous! For you will lead these people into the land that the Lord swore to their ancestors he would give them. You are the one who will divide it among them as their grants of land. Do not be afraid or discouraged, for the Lord will personally go ahead of you. He will be with you; he will neither fail you nor abandon you.”

Moses climbed Mt. Pisgah, where the Lord showed him the Promised Land that he could not enter. At 120 years old, but still with good eyesight and the strength of youth, Moses died in the presence of the Lord.  The book of Deuteronomy ends with a short obituary on this great prophet.

The theme is the necessity of keeping perfectly the Mosaic Law and the impossibility of doing so. Because of Jesus’ atoning work on the cross, we will need no further sacrifices for sin.

 
 What does God teach in The book of Deuteronomy?

The book of Deuteronomy underscores the importance of God’s Word. It is a vital part of our lives.
None of us is “above the law.” Even Moses, the leader and prophet chosen by God, was required to obey. The reason that he was not allowed to enter the Promised Land was that he disobeyed the Lord’s clear command (Numbers 20:13).

During the time of His testing in the wilderness, Jesus quoted from the book of Deuteronomy three times (Matthew 4). In so doing, Jesus illustrated for us the necessity of hiding God’s Word in our hearts that we might not sin against Him (Psalm 119:11).

As Israel remembered God’s faithfulness, so should we. The crossing of the Red Sea, the holy presence at Sinai, and the blessing of manna in the desert should be an encouragement to us as well. A great way to keep going forward is to take some time to look back and see what God has done.
The Lord names love as the reason that He brought Israel out of Egypt “with a mighty hand” and redeemed them (Deuteronomy 7:7-9). What a wonderful thing to be free from the bondage of sin and loved by an all-powerful God!

One of the great messages of the Bible is that God desires to bless people through a relationship with Him.

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